Have you ever dreamed of traveling to another planet?



Can you imagine living on a planet other than Earth?



The idea of humans as a spacefaring civilization is closer to becoming a reality than you may think. Lead by the vision, dedication, and knowledge of Elon Musk, SpaceX is currently working on making this dream a reality.

"You want to wake up in the morning and think the future is going to be great — and that's what being a spacefaring civilization is all about. It's about believing in the future and thinking that the future will be better than the past. And I can't think of anything more exciting than going out there and being among the stars."

— Elon Musk, CEO and Lead Designer, SpaceX




Watch how the BFR travels from Earth to Mars.


2022: Cargo Missions

  • Land at least 2 cargo ships on Mars
  • Confirm water resources and identify hazards
  • Place power, mining, and life support infrastructure for future flights

2024: Cargo & Crew Missions

  • 2 crew shops take first people to Mars
  • 2 cargo ships bring more equipment and supplies
  • Set up propellant production plant
  • Build up base to prepare for expansion



Length:   49.5 m

Max Diameter:   17 m

Vacuum Thrust:   31 MN

Passenger Count  Goal:   100 people






So, how do we pay for this system? The answer lies in creating a single system that can support a variety of mission types. In turn, SpaceX can redirect resources from Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy and Dragon to this system.





In addition to vastly increased speed, one great thing about traveling in space is there is almost no friction. Once the ship leaves the atmosphere, there is no turbulence or weather.

Consider how much time we currently spend traveling from one place to another.

Now imagine most journeys taking less than 30 minutes, with access to anywhere in the world in an hour or less...

BFR has the ability to support Earth to Earth transport, with most of what people consider to be long distance trips being completed in less than half an hour.

See how BFR travels around the Earth. Notice the trip durations and how they compare to current travel options.




Los Angeles to New York

Bangkok to Dubai

Tokyo to Singapore

London to New York

New York to Paris

Sydney to Singapore

Los Angeles to London

London to Hong Kong



3983 km

4909 km

5350 km

5555 km

5849 km

6288 km

8781 km

9648 km

Commercial Airline


5 hours, 25 min

6 hours, 25 min

7 hours, 10 min

7 hours, 55 min

7 hours, 20 min

8 hours, 20 min

10 hours, 30 min

11 hours, 50 min



25 min

27 min

28 min

29 min

30 min

31 min

32 min

34 min


BFR will enter the Mars atmosphere at 7.5 kilometers per second and decelerate aerodynamically.

The vehicle’s heat shield is designed to withstand multiple entries, but given that the vehicle is coming into the Mars atmosphere so hot, we still expect to see some ablation of the heat shield (similar to wear and tear on a brake pad).

Marginal Cost Per Launch Accounting For Reusability

Due to full re-usability, BFR provides lowest marginal cost per launch, despite its vastly higher capacity than existing vehicles.

Communities  & Expansion

The ships from these initial missions will also serve as the beginnings of our first Mars base, from which we can build a thriving city and eventually a self-sustaining civilization on Mars.

Simulation of physics of Mars entry for BFR