Have you ever dreamed of traveling to another planet?
Can you imagine living on a planet other than Earth?
The idea of humans as a spacefaring civilization is closer to becoming a reality than you may think. Lead by the vision, dedication, and knowledge of Elon Musk, SpaceX is currently working on making this dream a reality.
"You want to wake up in the morning and think the future is going to be great — and that's what being a spacefaring civilization is all about. It's about believing in the future and thinking that the future will be better than the past. And I can't think of anything more exciting than going out there and being among the stars."
— Elon Musk, CEO and Lead Designer, SpaceX
Watch how the BFR travels from Earth to Mars.
GOALS & TIMELINE
2022: Cargo Missions
2024: Cargo & Crew Missions
LANDING ON MARS
Length: 49.5 m
Max Diameter: 17 m
Vacuum Thrust: 31 MN
Passenger Count Goal: 100 people
So, how do we pay for this system? The answer lies in creating a single system that can support a variety of mission types. In turn, SpaceX can redirect resources from Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy and Dragon to this system.
In addition to vastly increased speed, one great thing about traveling in space is there is almost no friction. Once the ship leaves the atmosphere, there is no turbulence or weather.
Consider how much time we currently spend traveling from one place to another.
Now imagine most journeys taking less than 30 minutes, with access to anywhere in the world in an hour or less...
BFR has the ability to support Earth to Earth transport, with most of what people consider to be long distance trips being completed in less than half an hour.
See how BFR travels around the Earth. Notice the trip durations and how they compare to current travel options.
TRIP COMPARISONS TO MAJOR CITIES
Los Angeles to New York
Bangkok to Dubai
Tokyo to Singapore
London to New York
New York to Paris
Sydney to Singapore
Los Angeles to London
London to Hong Kong
5 hours, 25 min
6 hours, 25 min
7 hours, 10 min
7 hours, 55 min
7 hours, 20 min
8 hours, 20 min
10 hours, 30 min
11 hours, 50 min
MAKING LIFE MULTIPLANETARY
BFR will enter the Mars atmosphere at 7.5 kilometers per second and decelerate aerodynamically.
The vehicle’s heat shield is designed to withstand multiple entries, but given that the vehicle is coming into the Mars atmosphere so hot, we still expect to see some ablation of the heat shield (similar to wear and tear on a brake pad).
Marginal Cost Per Launch Accounting For Reusability
Due to full re-usability, BFR provides lowest marginal cost per launch, despite its vastly higher capacity than existing vehicles.
Communities & Expansion
The ships from these initial missions will also serve as the beginnings of our first Mars base, from which we can build a thriving city and eventually a self-sustaining civilization on Mars.
Simulation of physics of Mars entry for BFR